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  • What Happened in Adana in April 1909? Conflicting Armenian and Turkish views

  • Author: Sahara, Tetsuya

  • Publisher: ISIS

  • ISBN: 9789754284980

  • Publication Date & Place: 2013 / İstanbul

  • (Antiquarian / Condition: New)

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Book details

180 pp, pb, in English.


Turco-Armenian controversy and conspiracy theories 

  • Conspiracy Theories on the Adana Incident: Prototypes
  • Rehashed Theories: The Armenian Version
  • Rehashed Theories: The Turkish Version
  • A Disputable Document: the “Report” of Agop Babikyan
  • A Disputable Documents: The Memoirs of Mehmed Asaf.

The Adana province during the nineteenth century 

  • The Land of Derebeys
  • The ‘Reform Division’ and the Beginning of the Centralized Administration
  • Cotton Export and the Development of Agrarian Economy
  • Massive Colonization during the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
  • Land Accumulation
  • Emergence of New Local Bosses: The Ağas
  • The Plight of Muslim Peasants
  • A Multi-Ethnic Society and the Ethnic Division of Labour
  • Turco-Armenian Relations

The Young Turk revolution and its impact on the Adana province

  • CUP Takeover of Power and its Weakness 
  • Ambivalent Characters of the CUP Adana Branch
  • The New Provincial Government
  • Anti-CUP Sentiment among the Muslims
  • Struggle between the Pro- and Anti-Cevad blocks
  • Muslim-Armenian Tensions after the Revolution 
  • The Smuggling of fire arms
  • rmenian cultural activities and their side-effects.

A hidden agenda: Demographic warfare and land disputes 

  • Armenian Nationalism and the Muslim reaction
  • Demographic dimension
  • Rising tension in communal relations
  • Repeated dispute over the Taylan Çiftliği
  • New Demographic Pressure after the Young Turk Revolution
  • Dispute over the Armenian land ownership after the Revolution
  • The repercussions of the land dispute over Armeno-Muslim relations.

The April incidents in Adana 

  • The Hovannes Affair and the Excitement of the Muslim Population
  • The Outbreak of Hostilities
  • Defence of the Armenians
  • Muslim Mob
  • How the Provincial Government Reacted
  • The End of the Initial Hostilities and an Interlude
  • The Second Incident.

Riots and massacres in the countryside 

  • The Hamidiye Incident
  • The Tarsus Inferno
  • The Attack of Kozoluk
  • The Disturbance in the Cebel-i Bereket
  • The retreat of the Hasanbeyli Armenians
  • The siege of Dörtyol
  • The Kozan Prefecture.

The aftermath 

  • The Casualties
  • The Relief and Reconstruction Works
  • A Farewell to Conspiracy Theories. 


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