A 'Compassionate' Episode in Anglo-Ottoman History: British Relief to the '93 Refugees (1877-78)

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ISBN / ISSN: 9786054326846
Basım yılı ve yeri: 2013 / İstanbul
Dil: İngilizce
Cilt Tipi: Karton kapak
Kondisyon: Yeni
Ürün Ağırlığı: 600 gr

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Genel Açıklama

The 1877-78 Russo-Turkish War, known in Turkish sources by its Rumi date: '93 Harbi, has been thoroughly studied through political and military lenses. The mass exodus of hundreds of thousands of Ottoman subjects before the advancing Russian armies was a major humanitarian calamity, one with possibly more long-term historical consequences than the mere shifting of borders. Despite its significance, it has received relatively humble attention in the pages of history. This book attempts to illuminate a lesser known aspect of this subject, in particular, the general voluntary relief efforts on the part of the British people for the Ottoman refugees (the '93 Refugees). This book covers the activities of both the institutions and the prominent figures of this endeavor, against the background of humanitarian diplomacy. In doing so, it provides the reader with an intimate look into a "compassionate" episode in late 19th century Anglo-Ottoman history.



213 s, İngilizce.



Chapter I The Historical Background 



A. Political Developments and Anglo-Ottoman Relations in the Third Quarter of the 19th Century 



i. A Turning Point: The Crimean War, 1853-1856 



ii. The Bosnian Upheaval of 1875 



iii. The Triumph of Agitation: The Bulgarian Crisis of 1876 



iv. 1876: The Ottoman- Serbia, Montenegro War 



v. The Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78 



B. The '93 Refugees 



i. Terminology 



ii. The Causes of the Exodus 



iii. The Structure of the Influx 



iv. The Volume of the Influx 



v. The Relief Effort 



C. Victorian Philanthropy in the Ottoman Empire 



i. The Victorian Understanding and Application of Philanthropy 



ii. The Emergence of British Relief in the Ottoman Empire 



iii. Benevolence as a Political Tool 



Chapter II Humanitarian Diplomacy 



A. British Diplomacy and Relief to the Refugees of the 1877-78 War 



B. Austen Henry Layard: The British Ambassador to the Porte (1877-1880) 



C. The Role of the British Consular Network



D. British Concerns over Muslim Public Opinion 



Chapter III The Turkish Compassionate Fund 



A. The Origins of the Fund 



i. Angela Burdett-Coutts: "A Soul of Boundless Philanthropy" 



ii. The Founding 



iii. Contributions to the Fund 



iv. The Recipients of the Relief 



v. The Agents of Relief 



B. Operations of the Fund 



i. The Methods 



ii. The Relief Establishments of the Compassionate Fund 



iii. The Content of Relief 



iv. The Mission of Constance 



v. Major Relief Centres 



vi. Ahmed Vefik Pasha 



C. The Achievements of the Fund 



D. The End of Operations: "As you have done to us, so may God do to you and your houses forever" 



Chapter IV Unplanned Assistance 



A. The Ladies Committee



i. The Origins of the Committee and Its Changing Role 



ii. The Employment of Refugee Women 



iii. The Committee's Financial Sources 



iv. In the Presence of the Sultan 



v. Şefkat Nişanı: The Order of Mercy 



vi. Continuing the Work 



B. The Stafford House Committee 



i. The Foundation 



ii. Helping the Combatants: the Operations of the Committee 



iii. An Innocent Transgression: Succouring the Refugees 



iv. The Major Stafford House Contributions to the '93 Refugees 



v. The Sultan's Attitude 



vi. Closing Down Operations 



C. The British Red Cross (the National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War) 



i. The Beginning of the Operations: The Arrival of the Belle of Dunkerque 



ii. The Encounter with the Refugees 



iii. Cooperation with Other Societies 



iv. Unexpected Incidents: The Death of Dr. Meyrick and the Captivity of the British Doctors 



v. The End of Operations 



Conclusion 



Select Bibliography 



Appendices 



Index


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