İdris-i Bidlisi: Ottoman Kurdistan and Islamic Legitimacy

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ISBN / ISSN: 9786054326563
Basım yılı ve yeri: 2012 / İstanbul
Dil: İngilizce
Cilt Tipi: Karton kapak
Kondisyon: Yeni
Ürün Ağırlığı: 500 gr

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Genel Açıklama

Ebru Sönmez' study deals with two developments that were of central significance for Ottoman history in the sixteenth century and beyond. Both of them continue to be hot button issues after almost five hundred years: the incorporation of northern, southern, and western Kurdistan into the Ottoman Empire and the assumption of a staunchly Sunni identity by the Ottomans in response to the political threat posed by the Safavids who claimed a Shi'ite identity. Sönmez' book is centered on Idris Bidlisi (d. 1520), a Persianate scholar whose family originates from Bidlis, a Kurdish political center in the fifteenth century. After providing an account of Bidlisi's life, the second part of Sönmez' work focuses on Bidlisi's diplomatic role in attracting the military and political allegiances of the Kurdish lords to the Ottoman center. For anyone who is interested in the history of Kurdistan and the Ottoman approach to ethnic politics, this part is a must-read. In the third part of her book, Sönmez discusses Bidlisi's political writings, focusing on the question of the legitimacy of Ottoman rule for a Muslim audience. She demonstrates that many of the Ottoman claims to Sunni caliphal legitimacy which were put forward during the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent (1520-66) were foreshadowed in Bidlisi's writings as he theorized the rise of Selim I (1512-20) to the leadership of the Islamic world. This part of her book would be of interest both to scholars of Ottoman and Islamic political thought, and those who are interested in the historical roots of the Turkish style of secularism which, rather than separating religion and the state, prefers to bring the former under the control of the latter. Baki Tezcan, Associate Professor of History, and Religious Studies, University of California, Davis.



190 s, İngilizce.



Notes on Transliteration

Acknowledgements

Preface



Part One The Life of Idris-i Bidlisi



I. Bidlisi in Tabriz


II. An Ajam Bureaucrat at the Ottoman Court



III. The War Years



IV. The Last Years 



Part Two Practicing Diplomacy on Behalf of the Ottomans in the Struggle over the Kurdish borderlands



I. The Kings of ‘Ajam: The Presentation by Bidlisi about the Kurds



i- Locating Kurdistan



ii- Genealogical Legitimacy



iii- Marital Kinsmen



iv- Kurdish Religious Affiliations



v- Political Associations with Neighbors in the Early Sixteenth Century



II. Organizing the Kurds on the Side of the Ottoman Sultan



i- Playing the Tribes and Members of the Same Family off Against One Another



ii- The Two Captive Kurdish Leaders Back in Power



iii- The Kurds in the ‘Iraqayn 



iv- The Unification of the Kurdish-Ottoman Forces



III. Organizing the Administration of the Ottoman Kurdistan



i- Administrative Arrangements



ii- The Emergence of Semi-autonomous and Autonomous Principalities: Eyalet-i Diyarbekir and Cema‘at-i Kurdan 



Part Three Religio-Political Legitimacy of the Ottoman Sultan



I. Muslim Concepts of Political Authority during the Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries 



i- The Regional Caliphate



ii- From Sufi Order to Polity: The Messianic Claims of  the Safavid sheikh/shah



II. Sultan Selim Versus Shah Isma‘il: Bidlisi's Definition of the Caliphate-Sultanate Contrasted with the two Leaders' Mode of Governing



i- The Contribution of Bidlisi to Ottoman Political Literature



ii- Bidlisi's Concept of the Caliphate-Sultanate



iii- Redefining the Criteria for the Genealogy of the Caliph



III. The Religious and Ethical Duties of the Caliph-Sultan



i- The Union of Religion and State/Sultanate



ii- Jihad as a Religious Duty of the Caliph-Sultan



iii- The Practice of Justice



IV. Towards a New Formulation of the Universal Caliphate-Sultanate



Conclusion

Bibliography

Index


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