Nation and State Building in Israel (1948-1967) and Turkey (1923-1946): A Comparative Assessment

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ISBN / ISSN: 9786052380284
Basım yılı ve yeri: 2018 / İstanbul
Cilt Tipi: Karton kapak
Dil: İngilizce
Kondisyon: Yeni
Ürün Boyutları: 135 x 210 mm
Ürün Ağırlığı: 500 gr

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Genel Açıklama

Why the state founders of Israel and the Turkish Republic, despite being mostly secular and looking initially to create a secular state, chose to integrate religion into the state sphere by incorporating religious institutions into the state apparatus? Part of the answer relates to the objective of achieving national homogeneity, as one of the striking similarities between the two countries. The state elite in both countries encountered the same urgent issue after declaring independence – the formation of a national unity. This book makes a comparison of the relationship between the state, religion and nationalism in the State of Israel and the Republic of Turkey during their state-building processes. Existing literature analyzing the relationship between the state and religion in Israel and Turkey reveals that both have been conceived as secular, democratic, modern states, and Israel can be put forward as exceptional case in the Middle East. That said, there is a need to include the issue of secularism in the national, historical contexts of both states to gain a better understanding of the issue. To this end, this book delineates the similar and different paths followed by the State of Israel and the Republic of Turkey concerning their experiences with secularism, and argues that, contrary to general assumptions that emphasize their uniqueness in the region; the two share various similarities and indeed are not unique.



206 s, İngilizce.



ABBREVIATIONS



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS



CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION




  • Introducing the Study

  • Brief Political History of Turkey

  • Brief Political History of the State of Israel

  • Why Compare Israel and Turkey?

  • Similarities and Differences between the State of Israel and Turkey

  • Theoretical Framework

  • Methodology

  • Introducing Chapters



CHAPTER 2

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE STATE AND RELIGION




  • Historical Framework

  • Zionist movement

  • Establishment of the State of Israel

  • Constitutional Framework of the Relationship Between the State and Religion

  • The Arabs, the Ultra-Orthodox Community and Controversy over Military Service

  • Institutional Framework



CHAPTER 3

THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STATE AND RELIGION




  • Historical Background

  • Sunni Identity and the Concept of Millet System in the Ottoman Empire

  • Tanzimat Reforms

  • Pan-Turkism and Pan-Islamism

  • The War of Independence

  • The State Formative Years And Secular Reforms Of Early Republic

  • Call to Prayer in Turkish

  • Immigration and Population Exchange

  • Institutional Aspect of State-Religion Relationship: The Case of the Presidency of Religious Affairs 118



CHAPTER 4

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE STATE AND RELIGION IN ISRAEL AND TURKEY




  • Nationalization of Religion in Israel and Turkey

  • The Role of Religion in Construction of National Identity

  • Return to History and Language Reform

  • The Issue of Secularism and Institutional Aspect of the Relationship between the State and Religion in Israel and Turkey

  • Brief Constitutional Evaluation of the Relationship between the State and Religion in Israel and Turkey



CONCLUSION

REFERENCES



Index


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