Negotiating the Terms of Mercy: Petitions and Pardon Cases in the Hamidian Era

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ISBN / ISSN: 9786054326693
Basım yılı ve yeri: 2013 / İstanbul
Kondisyon: Yeni
Dil: İngilizce
Cilt Tipi: Karton kapak
Ürün Boyutları: 135 x 205 mm
Ürün Ağırlığı: 300 gr

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Genel Açıklama

This study focuses on the pardons of the Hamidian era by using the petitions which were written by the convicts, accused people or their relatives to the Sublime Porte. Beside the lives, prison conditions and accusations of the convicts, the pardon petitions constitute a useful source to see the nature of the relationship between state and the ordinary people. This study argues that although requesting a pardon seems to have been a kind of obedience to the authority, the relationship established on pardons was established through bargains and negotiations. The process of granting pardons was an interactive one in which the actors negotiated on the conditions according to the position of supplicant. Also, the petitions allow us to see the debated characteristics of the Hamidian era from the eyes of the ordinary people. This study claims that the pardon was a state policy and it was especially applied during the Armenian Events of the 1890s, the banditry problem and tribal conflicts. Moreover, to gain the loyalties of the outlaws, to use them as informers and collaborate with them in the critical areas of the Empire, pardons were a step in allowing the state to make alliances without losing its prestige. Through the discretionary power of forgiveness, the Sultan tried to restore the monarchical ideology, namely the merciful image of Sultanic rule, which was a distinctive element of monarchical power. While granting pardons, the Abdülhamid regime expected from the convict less loyalty or regret than certain services, and active collaboration on particular issues – a tension which constituted the dynamics of the pardon negotiations.



136 s, İngilizce.



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION



CHAPTER TWO

THE PARDON PETITIONS: THE STORIES AND AUTHORS




  • Petitions as Artifacts

  • The Process of Supplication

  • The Authors of the Petitions

  • The Stories in the Petitions



CHAPTER THREE

DOCUMENTS IN CONTEXT




  • The Armenian Events, Convicts and Hamidian Policy toward Armenians

  • The Faces of Hamidian Rule: Legitimacy, Autocracy and Symbolism

  • Judicial Developments of the Hamidian Era

  • Tribes and Hamidian Policy

  • Brigands and State



CHAPTER FOUR

STATE POLICY OF PARDONS AND NEGOTIATION THROUGH SUPPLICATION




  • The Policy of Pardons

  • Pardons for Death Penalties

  • Pardons on Ceremonial Days

  • Brigands and Pardons

  • Political Crimes, the Armenian Events and Pardons

  • Armenian Bandits/Committees and Pardons

  • Pardons in the Borders

  • Negotiation Through Supplication

  • After Being Pardoned

  • Young Turks and Pardons



CHAPTER FIVE



CONCLUSION



BIBLIOGRAPHY


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