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Wiener Forschungen zur Archaeologie Band 6
351 s, 224 s/b resim, sert kapak, İngilizce.
Kitapta Karya, Likya, Pamfilya, Pisidya ve Kilikya bölgelerinde Roma İmparatorluğu döneminde yapılmış mezar anıtlar inceleniyor.
This work examines a large group of tomb buildigs erected during the Roman Imperial period in Asia Minor.
These monuments are tomb buildings, many of which imitate contemporary temple architecture, and which are found throughout the ancient regions of Caria, Lycia, Pamphylia, Pisidia and Cilicia. One aim of the study is to ask what these tombs reveal concerning status display and social hierarchies in Roman Asia Minor. After reviewing the Anatolian burial tradition in the archaic and classical periods (chapter 1), a tradition which clearly had an impact on the later Roman forms, the tombs are analysed from a number of perspectives.
First, the surrounding environment of the tomb space is discussed (chapter 2), including the frequent siting of the structure within the built urban environment (e.g. the Library of Celsus at Ephesos, intramural tombs at Ariassos in Pisidia and Arycanda in Lycia). Many of these tombs were provided with a peribolos wall, symbolically marking them off from the space of the living yet at the same time drawing attention to them. The patrons of these intramural tombs were, frequently, civic benefactors and influential citizens who functioned as the Roman-period equivalents of Greek heroes, and were similarly honoured after death with burial within the city.
Chapters 3, 4 and 5 focus on the architectural structure and decoration of the tombs themselves, including the manner in which the deceased was represented within the tomb space, serving as a visible reminder of his or her social status while living. The discussion of the rich decorative schemes of many of the tombs (apotropaic imagery, weapons friezes, etc.) reveals that such images contributed to the heroic associations announced by the tomb building and its location. Evidence for ritual activity by the living at the tomb site - a necessary element of the perpetuation of memory - is also analysed (chapter 6).
An important element of these tomb spaces was their epitaphs. The analysis presented in chapter 7 of these funerary inscriptions indicates that they not only reinforced the social and familial status of those who erected them, but also attempted to protect the tomb from violation via the threat of fines, divine retribution, or both. The conclusions which emerge from this reconstruction of the overall environment of the tomb space indicate that these structures not only contributed to the urban landscape via their imposing presence and sacred resonances, but they also functioned as permanent reminders of the civic benefactions carried out by their patrons, in this sense conferring honour on the city and perpetuating the memory, familial associations, and social status of the dead. A Catalogue of known tombs and an Appendix conclude the work.